Play Skat Skat - Règles du jeu
Spiele Skat online und offline wann und wo Du willst! Starke Gegner. Erstklassiges Design. Spiele jederzeit gegen starke Computergegner! Spiele Skat online. Skat am Stammtisch - kostenlos Skat spielen - ohne Anmeldung:) Skat, der Kartenspiel Klassiker! Spiel ihn jetzt und lerne Skat auf der kostenlosen App (Free). Spiele Skat! Skat kostenlos für iPhone und iPad im App Store Skat ohne Werbung für Android im Play Store. The German Skat Association and Skat Court are based in the imposing castle next to the playing card museum, and children already start learning skat in. Skat is a traditional German card game for three players played with a standard card deck, roughly years old. The game is based on Schafkopf, Ombre.
Skat is a traditional German card game for three players played with a standard card deck, roughly years old. The game is based on Schafkopf, Ombre. Spiele Skat online und offline wann und wo Du willst! Starke Gegner. Erstklassiges Design. Spiele jederzeit gegen starke Computergegner! Spiele Skat online. How to Play the Game of Skat (Classic Reprint) | Author, Unknown | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. How to Play the Game of Skat (Classic Reprint) | Author, Unknown | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Übersetzung Norwegisch-Deutsch für to play skat im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "Skat spielen" – Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und will be safe for playing Skat in the evening Play Skat for free now. Objective of the game: The objective of Skat, a German 3-player game, is to take at least 61 card points in tricks plus Skat; the opponents win if their combined.
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It is the national game of Germany  and, along with Doppelkopf , it is the most popular card game in Germany and Silesia and one of the most popular in the rest of Poland.
John McLeod considers it one of the best and most interesting card games for 3 players   , and Kelbet described it as "the king of German card games.
Skat was developed by the members of the Brommesche Tarok-Gesellschaft  between and in Altenburg , in what is now the State of Thuringia , Germany.
It is based on the three-player game of Tarock , also known as Tarot , and the four-player game of Schafkopf equivalent to the American game Sheepshead.
He then made two discards, constituting the Skat , and announced a contract. The first book on the rules of Skat was published in by a secondary school teacher J.
These were the first official rules finally published in a book form in by Theodor Thomas of Leipzig. The word Skat is a Tarok term  derived from the Latin word scarto, scartare , which means to discard or reject, and its derivative scatola , a box or a place for safe-keeping.
Skat is a game for three players, who are known as forehand , middlehand and rearhand , rearhand also being the dealer see picture.
At the beginning of each round, or "deal", one player becomes declarer and the other two players become the defending team.
The two defenders are not allowed to communicate in any way except by their choice of cards to play.
The game can also be played by four players. In this case, the dealer will sit out the round that was dealt, while the player to his right will play the role taken by the dealer in the three-player variant.
A central aspect of the game are the three coexisting varieties called "suit", "grand" and "null" games, that differ in suit order, scoring and even overall goal to achieve.
Each round of the game starts with a bidding phase to determine the declarer and the required minimum game value explained below.
Then, ten tricks are played, allowing players to take trick points. Each card has a face value except in null games and is worth that number of points for the player winning the trick.
The total face value of all cards is points. The declarer's goal is to take at least 61 points in tricks in order to win that round of the game.
Otherwise, the defending team wins the round. Points from tricks are not directly added to the players' overall score, they are used only to determine the outcome of the game win or loss for declarer , although winning by certain margins may increase the score for that round.
After each round a score is awarded in accordance with the game value. If the declarer wins they are awarded a positive score, if they lose the score is doubled and subtracted from the declarer's tally i.
In tournaments a winning declarer gets an additional 50 points if they win, if the defending team wins however they receive 40 points each in addition to the declarer losing twice the game's value in points.
The deck consists of 32 cards. Some players in Eastern and Southern Germany and Austria prefer traditional German decks with suits of acorns , leaves , hearts and bells , and card values of deuce Daus , king König , Ober , Unter , 10, 9, 8, and 7 in all four suits.
By contrast, regions of the former West Germany had adopted a French-suited deck. At the beginning of each round each player is dealt ten cards, with the two remaining cards the so-called Skat being put face down in the middle of the table.
Dealing follows this pattern: deal three cards each, then deal the Skat , then four cards each, then three cards again "three— Skat —four—three".
In four-player rounds, the dealer does not receive any cards and skips actual play of the round. He or she may peek into the hand of one other player if allowed to do so but never into the Skat.
Dealing rotates clockwise around the table, so that the player sitting to the left of the dealer will be dealer for the next round.
After the cards have been dealt, and before the deal is played out, a bidding or auction German : Reizen is held to decide:. The goal for each player during the bidding is to bid a game value as high as their card holding would allow, but never higher than necessary to win the auction.
How the actual game value is determined is explained in detail below and is necessary to understand in order to know how high one can safely bid.
It is possible for a player to overbid, which leads to an automatic loss of the game in question.
Often this does not become obvious before the player picks up the Skat , or even not before the end of the game in question in case of a hand game, when the Skat is not picked up.
Players have therefore to exercise careful scrutiny during bidding, as not to incur an unnecessary loss. The bidding may also give away some information about what cards a player may or may not hold.
Experienced players will be able to use this to their advantage. The game value also called hand value , German : Spielwert is what the game will be worth after all tricks have been played.
It is determined not only by the 10 cards held, but also by the two-card Skat. The Skat always belongs to the declarer, and if it contains certain high cards this may change the game value.
It is therefore not possible in general to determine the exact game value before knowing the Skat. The game value is determined by the type of the game and the game level as explained below for the suit, grand and null games.
In a suit game German : Farbspiel , one of the four suits is the trump suit. Each suit has a base value German : Grundwert , as follows:.
This base value is then multiplied by the multiplier game level German : Spielstufe or Gewinngrad to determine the game value, so:. The multiplier game level of 1 for becoming declarer is always assumed.
It is then increased by one for each of the following:. In case of a Hand game declarer does not pick up the Skat , the following special cases are allowed.
Each one increases the multiplier game level by another point:. Cards in the trump suit are ordered as follows this is important to know when counting the length of the matador's jack straight :.
As mentioned above, the cards in the Skat are to be included when determining the multiplier game level also in case of the Hand game, where the Skat is unknown until after the deal has been played out.
During bidding, each player therefore has incomplete information regarding the true game value. The final game value is calculated by multiplying the base value for the suit by the multiplier game level:.
Grand game is a special case of suit game, in which only the Jacks are trumps in the same order as in the suit game:. The base value for the grand game is 24 in the official rules.
It used to be 20 until , and many hobbyists continued to use 20 well into the postwar era. All other rules for determining game value are as in a suit game, that is, the base value of 24 is multiplied by the multiplier game level.
In the null game, declarer promises not to take any tricks at all. There is no trump suit, 10s are sorted directly above 9s, and jacks are treated as normal suit cards sorted between 10 and queen.
Thus the cards are ordered: A-K-Q-J The game values of null games are fixed, as follows:. The following examples give a player's holding and the contents of the Skat which will be unknown to all players during the auction and explain how to derive the game value.
The multiplier game level will be 2 1 for matador's jack straight plus 1 for becoming declarer. Note that game value is dependent not only on the cards held including the Skat but also on which game is being declared and the outcome of the play.
Each holding can thus be evaluated differently by different players. A risk-taking player might be willing to declare Hand on a holding on which another player might not — these two players will therefore give different valuations to the same holding.
However, after all tricks have been played, it is always possible to determine the exact game value by combining the actual holding with the type of game and outcome of the play.
Only then it becomes apparent if declarer has won or lost if he overbid. Assuming a trump suit of hearts in a suit game, this holding will have a different valuation before and after the Skat has been examined.
With Hearts as trump, the game value will always be at least that much. Now, assuming declarer wins by taking 95 points in tricks, after having declared Hand and Schneider , the actual game value will be as follows:.
The player could have bid up to that value during the auction. Now for the special cases: if you think you can do more than just win, you can add points for the special cases.
The highest possible multiplier game level is that is with or without four jacks and all seven cards of trump suit including those in the Skat , if any 11, plus the maximum of 7 for becoming declarer, Hand , Schneider , declaring Schneider , Schwarz , declaring Schwarz and Ouvert.
The order of bidding is determined by the seating order. Starting from the left of the dealer players are numbered clockwise: the first seat German : Vorhand , the second seat German : Mittelhand and the third seat German : Hinterhand.
In a three-player game, the dealer will be the third seat. In a four-player game the third seat will be to the right of the dealer.
Bidding starts by the player in second seat making a call to the player in first seat on which the latter can hold or pass.
If the first seat player holds, the second seat player can make a higher call or pass himself. This continues until either of the two players passes.
The player in third seat is then allowed to continue making calls to the player who has not yet passed. Bidding ends as soon as at least two players have passed.
It is also possible for all three players to pass. The player who continues in this mnemonic is either the dealer in a three-player game or the player in third seat.
The mnemonic is commonly used among casual players. Example: Anna, Bernard and Clara are playing, and seated in that order around the table.
Anna deals the cards. Clara makes the first call to Bernard, who passes right away. Anna then makes two more calls to Clara, who accepts both bids. Anna then passes as well.
The bidding ends, with Clara being the declarer for this round. Except for "pass", only the possible game values are legal calls. Therefore, the lowest possible call is 18, which is the lowest possible game value in Skat.
Players are free to skip intermediate values, although it is common to always pick the lowest available call while bidding.
The sequence of possible double digit game values, beginning with 18 is 18—20—22—23—24—27—30—33—35—36—40—44—45—46—48—50—54—55—59— triple digit bids are possible albeit rare in a competitive auction.
Also, numbers are frequently abbreviated by only calling the lower digit of a value not divisible by 10 e.
As the German words for "null" and "zero" are identical, this yields the rather unintuitive sequence 18—20—2—0—4—7—30 and so on. If all players pass, the hand is not played and the next dealer shuffles and deals.
A dealer never deals twice in a row. It is common in informal play to play a variant of Skat called Ramsch junk, rummage instead of skipping the hand and dealing for the next one.
This is not part of the sanctioned rules, however. In a pass-out game, the player in first seat will be the last one to pass. If that player intends to become declarer, however, he has to make a call of at least 18 picking up the Skat in that situation implies the call.
Players Anna, Bernard and Clara are seated in that order, clockwise; Anna is the dealer. The auction proceeds as follows:. The winner of the auction becomes declarer.
He will play against the other two players. Before the hand is played, declarer either. After putting two cards back into the Skat , declarer then either declares a suit game by announcing a trump suit, declares a grand game or a null game.
If Hand has been declared, the player may make additional announcements such as Schneider , Schwarz and Ouvert.
A common variant in non-sanctioned play allows the defenders to announce " Kontra " just before the first trick is played, if they have made or held at least one call.
In this case, the stakes will be doubled for the hand. In a less common further variation this process can be repeated twice more by announcing " Supra " and " Resupra " or more colloquially, " Bock " [ roe buck] and " Hirsch " [red deer] , or the like, which are colloquial augments of " Reh " roe deer.
The player in the first seat sitting to the left of the dealer leads to the first trick. The other two follow in clockwise direction.
Every player plays one card to the trick, which is in the middle of the table. The winner of a trick stacks the cards face down in front of him and leads to the next trick, which is again played clockwise.
Completed tricks are kept face down in front of the players who won them, until all the cards have been played. Skat is a game for true strategists!
Skat refers to the card pile that the single player takes before discarding other cards. To win at Skat, you need to take more than 60 points in tricks or in Null games take no tricks at all.
The game is always played with a single player against two opponents. Bidding is used to find the player to take on the role of soloist.
You must ensure that you do not overbid. At first glance, Skat appears very complicated, but it is the complexity that makes the game exciting.
Whether you play Skat online in a tournament or as part of a relaxed training session, the most important rule is: practice makes perfect!
Here are a few tricks to make your fellow players sweat, no matter whether you are a Skat novice or an old hand! Tip 1: Always count points and trumps during a game!
Keep a close eye on your progress in the game, because this is the only way to adapt your tactics and play more effectively in Skat online!
Tip 2: The correct game opening is essential with Skat! Most mistakes are made when playing the first card. Tip 3: Practice makes a perfect Skat player!
The following holds true even when playing Skat free of charge: no one is born a tournament master! Besides studying the rules, it is vital to gain experience by playing so that you can improve with each round.
The game was traditionally played with German cards which use different kinds of suits. Below outlines the corresponding suits. No matter the suit chosen for trumps, the four Jacks are top trumps.
Jacks rank in this order:. The four jacks are the only trumps, ranking in this order:. The first dealer is chosen randomly, the deal passes left.
The dealer shuffles and then the player to their right cuts the deck. If the dealer is the fourth player, they deal to each other player and sit out.
A bid is a possible value of points that are available within the game. For example, 20, 25, 33, 60 points, etc.
The lowest bid is 18 points. If there are only 3 players, the dealer is the rearhand. F is senior to M and M is senior to R.
Junior players must exceed the bids of seniors to win. Auctions begin with F and M. M bids first, either passing or bidding typically bidding the minimum of If F says yes, M may either pass or increase their bid.
F decides whether to pass or match M;s bid again. This continues until either F or M drops out by passing.
If a player passes they can no longer bid on the hand. R must increase their bids as the junior, to which F or M must match.
Whoever does not pass becomes the declarer , or the winner of the bid. The declarer has the right to pick up the two skat cards.
Add them to hand and discard two unwanted cards face-down. After discarding, the declarer chooses their game. There are seven options:.
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Skat on the web 0. Intangible Cultural Heritage. Deutscher Skatverband. Feel free to edit it! Grand game In the grand game, only the four jacks are trumps in the suit order given above for a regular suit game.
Null game In a null game there is no trump suit, and in each suit the cards are ranked A-K-Q-J Challenge the best players in the world Become the next champion of Skat.
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